Research and education

Peer reviewed publications & book chapters

* Undergraduate student ;       ** Graduate student;       Post-doc ;       *** Research Staff

  • Assessing bias in evapotranspiration and soil moisture estimates due to the use of modeled solar radiation and dew point temperature data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 130: 71-84.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2005.
  • Effect of time of temperature observation and estimation of daily solar radiation for the Northern Great Plains, USA. Agronomy Journal, 94: 723-733.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2002.
  • Environmental factors associated with lightning activity over Bangladesh. Atmospheric Research (submitted)
    Dewan, A., Ongee, E., Rafiuddin, M., Rahman, M. M., Mahmood, R. 2017.
  • Estimating daily dew point temperature for the Northern Great Plains using maximum and minimum temperature. Agronomy Journal, 95:323-328.
    Hubbard, K. G., Mahmood, R. and Carlson, C.* 2003.
  • The GeoProfile Metadata, Exposure of Instruments, and Measurement Bias in Climatic Record Revisited. International Journal of Climatology, 26: 1091-1124.
    Mahmood, R., Foster, S. A., Logan*, D. 2006.
  • The gravity environment of Zhouqu debris flow of August 2010 and its implication for future recurrence. International Journal of Geosciences 6: 317-325.
    Ren, D., Leslie, L. M., Shen, X., Hong, Y., Duan, Q., Mahmood, R., Li, Y., Huang, G., Guo, W., Lynch, M. J. 2015.
  • Meso-scale weather and climate observations in Kentucky for societal benefit. Focus on Geography, 50: 32-36. (Special issue on Kentucky)
    Mahmood, R., and Foster, S. A. 2008.
  • Mesonets: Meso-scale weather and climate observations for the U.S. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, (in press).
    Mahmood, R., Boyles, R., Brinson, K., Fiebrich, C., Foster, S. A., Hubbard, K. G., Robinson, D., Andresen, J., and Leathers D. 2017.
  • Observational evidence of temperature trends at two levels in the surface layer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16: 827–841.
    Lin, X., Pielke, Sr., R. A., Mahmood, R., Fiebrich, C. A., and Aiken R. 2016.
  • Reply to comment by David E. Parker, Phil Jones, Thomas C. Peterson, and John Kennedy on “Unresolved Issues with the Assessment of Multi-Decadal Global Land Surface Temperature Trends” Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114, D05105, doi:10.1029/2008JD010938.
    Pielke Sr., R. A., Davey, C., Niyogi, D., Fall, S., Steinweg-Woods, J., Hubbard, K. G., Lin, X., Cai, M., Lim, Y-K., Li, H., Nielsen-Gammon, J., Gallo, K., Hale, R., Mahmood, R., Foster, S., McNider, R. T., Blanken, P. 2009.
  • Spatial and temporal analysis of a 17–year lightning climatology over Bangladesh with LIS data. Theoretical and Applied Climatology (submitted)
    Dewan, A., Ongee, E., Rahman, M. M. Mahmood, R., and Yamane, Y. 2016.
  • Spatial metadata for weather stations and the interpretation of climate data. In Historical Climate variability and Impacts in the United States. Eds. Lesley-Ann Dupigny-Giroux and Cary Mock. Springer-Verlag: New York. pp. 189-206.
    Foster, S. and Mahmood, R. 2009.
  • Unresolved Issues with the Assessment of Multi-Decadal Global Land Surface Temperature Trends. Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres, 112, D24S08, doi:10.1029/2006JD008229.
    Pielke Sr., R. A., Davey, C., Niyogi, D., Fall, S., Steinweg-Woods, J., Hubbard, K. G., Lin, X., Cai, M., Lim, Y-K., Li, H., Nielsen-Gammon, J., Gallo, K., Hale, R., Mahmood, R., Foster, S., McNider, R. T., Blanken, P. 2007.
  • An analysis of simulated long-term soil moisture data for three land uses under contrasting hydroclimatic conditions in the Northern Great Plains. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 5:160-179.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2004.
  • Anthropogenic land use change in the North American Tall Grass-Short grass transition and modification of near surface hydrologic cycle. Climate Research, 21: 83-90.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2002.
  • Assessing satellite-based start-of-season trends in the U.S High Plains. Environmental Research Letters 9 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/10/104016.
    Lin, X., Hubbard, K. G., Mahmood, R., and Sassenrath, G. F. 2014.
  • Atmospheric sensitivity to roughness length in a regional atmospheric model over the Ohio-Tennessee river valley. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics 128:315–330. DOI 10.1007/s00703-015-0415-z
    Quintanar, A. I., Mahmood, R., Suarez*, A., and Leeper **, R. 2016.
  • Climate relevant land use and land cover change policies. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97:195-202.
    Mahmood, R., Pielke Sr., R. A., and McAlpine, C. 2016.
  • Corrigendum to “Did irrigation impact 20th century temperature in the High Plains aquifer region?” Applied Geography 40:51.
    Mahmood, R., Keeling*, T., Foster, S. A., and Hubbard, K. G. 2013.
  • Did irrigation impact 20th century temperature in the High Plains aquifer region? Applied Geography 38:11-21.
    Mahmood, R., Keeling*, T., Foster, S. A., and Hubbard, K. G. 2013.
  • A design for a sustained assessment of climate forcing and feedbacks related to land use land cover change. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95: 1563-1572.
    Loveland, T. R. and Mahmood, R. 2014.
  • Impacts of irrigation on 20th century temperature in the Northern Great Plains. Global and Planetary Change, 54: 1-18. (Special issue on LULCC and its impacts on Climate)
    Mahmood R., Foster, S. A., Keeling*, T., Hubbard, K. G., Carlson*, C., and Leeper*, R. 2006.
  • Impact of irrigation on mid summer surface fluxes and temperature under dry synoptic conditions: A regional atmospheric model study of the U. S. High Plains. Monthly Weather Review, 131: 556-564.
    Adegoke, O. A., Pielke Sr., R. A., Eastman, J., Mahmood, R., and Hubbard, K. G. 2003.
  • Impacts of the agricultural Green Revolution induced land use changes on air temperatures in India. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, VOL. 112, D21108, doi:10.1029/2007JD008834.
    Roy, S. S., Mahmood, R. Niyogi, D. D. S., Lei, M., Foster, S. A., Hubbard, K., G., Douglas, E., Pielke Sr., R. A. 2007.
  • Impacts of irrigation on daily and seasonal precipitation in the Great Plains. Earth Interactions (in revision) [Climate-LULCC Special Collection]
    Rappin, E., Mahmood, R., Nair, U., and Pielke Sr., R. A. 2016.
  • Impacts of irrigation on dry Season precipitation in India. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 104: 193-207, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0338-z.
    Sen Roy, S., Mahmood, R., Quintanar, A. I., and Gonzalez*, A. 2011.
  • Impacts of land use land cover change on climate and future research priorities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91: 37-46.
    Mahmood, R., Pielke Sr.,, R. A. Hubbard, K. G., Niyogi, D., Bonan, G., Lawrence, P., Baker, B., McNider, R., McAlpine, C., Etter, A., Gameda, S., Qian, B., Carleton, A., Beltran-Przekurat, A., Chase, T., Quintanar, A. I., Adegoke, J. O., Vezhapparambu, S., Conner, G., Asefi, S., Sertel, E., Legates, D. R., Wu, Y., Hale, R., Frauenfeld, O. N., Watts, A., Shepherd, M., Mitra, C., Anantharaj, V. G., Fall, S., Lund, R., Nordfelt, A., Blanken, P., Du, J., Chang, H-I., Leeper**, R., Nair, U. S., Dobler, S., Deo, R., Syktus, J. 2010.
  • Increase in near surface atmospheric moisture content due to land use changes: Evidence from the observed dew point temperature data. Monthly Weather Review, 136:1554-1561.
    Mahmood, R., Hubbard, K. G., Leeper, R.*, and Foster, S. A. 2008.
  • Influence of karst landscapes on weather systems: A WRF modeling study on responses for different land and soil types. Boundary-Layer Meteorology (submitted)
    Johnson, C. M.*, Xingang, F., Mahmood, R., Groves, C., Polk, J., and Yan, J. 2016.
  • Investigating diurnal and seasonal climatic response to land use and land cover change over monsoon Asia with the Community Earth System Model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 120: 1137-1152. DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022479.
    Xu, Z., Mahmood, R., Yang, Z-L, Fu, C., Su, H. 2015.
  • Investigating the effect of Land between the Lakes on storm patterns. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53: 1506-1524.
    Durkee, J., Degu, A. M., Hossain, F., Mahmood, R., Winchester**, J., and Chronis, T. 2014.
  • Land cover changes and their biogeophysical effects on climate. International Journal of Climatology 34: 929–953. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3736
    Mahmood, R., Pielke Sr., R. A. Hubbard, K. G., Niyogi, D., Dirmeyer, P., McAlpine, C., Carleton, A., Hale, R., Gameda, S., Beltran-Przekurat, A., Baker, B., McNider, R., Legates, D. R., Shepherd, M., Du, J., Blanken, P., Frauenfeld, O. W., Nair, U. S., and Fall, S. 2014.
  • Land use change and modification of near-surface thermal records in the Northern Great Plains. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83: 504.
    Mahmood, R., Hubbard, K. G., and Carlson, C.* 2002
  • Land use/cover change and climate. Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography 1-11, DOI: 10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0511
    Mahmood, R. and Pielke Sr., R. A. 2017.
  • Land use/land cover changes and regional climate over the Loess Plateau during 2001-2009 – Part I. Observed evidences. Climatic Change 129: 427-440. DOI 10.1007/s10584-014-1069-4.
    Fan, X., Ma, Z., Yang, Q., Han, Y., and Mahmood, R., Zheng, Z. 2015.
  • Land use/land cover changes and climate: Modeling analysis and observational evidence. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 2: 828-850, doi: 10.1002/wcc.144. (invited)
    Pielke Sr., R. A., Pitman, A., Niyogi, D., Mahmood, R., McAlpine, C. Hossain, F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Nair, U., Betts, R., Fall, S., Reichstein, M., Kabat, P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N. 2011.
  • Land use/land cover changes and regional climate over the Loess Plateau during 2001-2009 – Part II. Interrelationship from observations. Climatic Change 129: 441-455. DOI 10.1007/s10584-014-1068-5.
    Fan, X., Ma, Z., Yang, Q., Yunhuan Han, Y., and Mahmood, R. 2015.
  • In Land Use Policy. Eds. A. C. Denman and Oliver M. Penrod. New York: Nova Science Publishers. pp. 217-229.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2009. Agricultural Cool Island (ACI).
  • Land’s complex role in climate change. Physics Today 69 (10): 40-46. (invited)
    Pielke, R. A., Mahmood, R., and McAlpine, C. 2016.
  • A Model-based assessment of potential impacts of man-made reservoirs on precipitation. Earth Interactions (submitted)
    Winchester, J.**, Mahmood, R., Rodgers, W.***, Hossain, F., Rappin, E.s, Durkee, J., and Chronis, T. 2016.
  • Modification of growing season surface temperature records in the Northern Great Plains due to land use transformation: verification of modeling results and implication for global climate change. International Journal of Climatology, 24:311-327.
    Mahmood, R., Hubbard, K. G., and Christy Carlson* 2004.
  • Near surface atmospheric response to simulated changes in land-cover, vegetation fraction, and soil moisture over Western Kentucky. Publications in Climatology Vol. 62. No. 2. Pp. 41. (peer-reviewed monograph)
    Leeper, R.**, Mahmood, R, Quintanar, A. I. 2009.
  • Potential land cover influence on temperature and equivalent temperature in the Central Great Plains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (completed; to be submitted)
    Zhang, T., Lin, X. Pielke Sr. R., Mahmood, R. 2016.
  • Potential surface hydroclimate responses to increases in greenhouse gas concentrations and land use and land cover changes. Climate Dynamics (submitted)
    Hu, Z., Xu, Z., Ma, Z., Mahmood, R., Yang, Z. 2017.
  • Recent land cover changes and sensitivity of the model simulations to various land cover datasets for China. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics DOI: 10.1007/s00703-016-0478-5.
    Chen, L., Zhuguo, M., Mahmood, R., Zhao, T., Li, Z., and Li, Y. 2017.
  • Relationship between soil moisture of near surface and multiple depths of the root zone under heterogeneous land uses and varying hydroclimatic conditions. Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6578 (pp. 3449- 3462)
    Mahmood. R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2007.
  • Sensitivity of planetary boundary layer atmosphere to historical and future changes of land use/land cover, vegetation fraction, and soil moisture in Western Kentucky, USA. Global and Planetary Change, 78: 36-53 doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.05.007.
    Mahmood, R., Leeper, R.**, Quintanar, A. I. 2011.
  • Simulating sensitivity of soil moisture and evapotranspiration under heterogeneous soils and land uses. Journal of Hydrology, 280:72-90.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2003.
  • An analysis of simulated long-term soil moisture data for three land uses under contrasting hydroclimatic conditions in the Northern Great Plains. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 5:160-179.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2004.
  • Anthropogenic land use change in the North American Tall Grass-Short grass transition and modification of near surface hydrologic cycle. Climate Research, 21: 83-90.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2002.
  • A comparison of the MM5 and the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System simulations for land-atmosphere interactions under varying soil moisture.
    Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 66, 21486, Suarez, A.*, Mahmood, R., Quintanar, A. I., Beltran-Przekurat, A., and Pielke Sr., R. A. 2014.
  • A coupled MM5-Noah land surface model-based assessment of sensitivity of planetary boundary layer variables to anomalous soil moisture conditions. Physical Geography, 29: 54-78 (DOI: 10.2747/0272- 3646.29.1.54)
    Quintanar, A., Mahmood, R., Loughrin, J., Lovanh, N. C. 2008.
  • Ensemble forecast spread induced by soil moisture Changes over mid-south and neighbouring mid-western region of the USA. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, DOI: 10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.17156
    Quintanar, A. I. and Mahmood, R. 2012.
  • Influence of karst landscape on planetary boundary layer atmosphere: A Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model-based investigation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12: 1512-1529.
    Leeper, R.***, Mahmood, R., Quintanar. A. I. 2011.
  • Near surface atmospheric response to simulated changes in land-cover, vegetation fraction, and soil moisture over Western Kentucky. Publications in Climatology Vol. 62. No. 2. Pp. 41. (peer-reviewed monograph)
    Leeper, R.**, Mahmood, R, Quintanar, A. I. 2009.
  • Observed data-based assessment of relationships among soil moisture at various depths, precipitation, and temperature. Applied Geography, 34: 255-264.
    Mahmood, R, Littell, A**, Hubbard, K. G., and You, J. 2012.
  • Quality control of soil water data in ACIS - A case study in Nebraska. ASCE, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 15: 200-209.
    You, J., Hubbard, K. G., Mahmood, R., Sridhar, V., Todey, D. 2010.
  • Relationship between soil moisture of near surface and multiple depths of the root zone under heterogeneous land uses and varying hydroclimatic conditions. Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6578 (pp. 3449- 3462)
    Mahmood. R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2007.
  • Scale issues in soil moisture modelling: problems and prospects. Progress in Physical Geography, 20:273-291.
    Mahmood, R. 1996
  • Sensitivity of planetary boundary layer atmosphere to historical and future changes of land use/land cover, vegetation fraction, and soil moisture in Western Kentucky, USA. Global and Planetary Change, 78: 36-53 doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.05.007.
    Mahmood, R., Leeper, R.**, Quintanar, A. I. 2011.
  • Simulation of boundary layer trajectory dispersion sensitivity to soil moisture conditions: MM5 and Noah-based investigation. Atmospheric Environment 43: 3774-3785.
    Quintanar, A. I., Mahmood, R., Motley, M. V.*, Yan, J., Loughrin, J., Lovanh, N. 2009.
  • Simulating sensitivity of soil moisture and evapotranspiration under heterogeneous soils and land uses. Journal of Hydrology, 280:72-90.
    Mahmood, R. and Hubbard, K. G. 2003.
  • Soil Moisture: A central and unifying theme in physical geography. Progress in Physical Geography 35:65-86.
    Legates, D. R., Mahmood, R., Levia, D. F., DeLiberty, T. D., Quiring, S., Houser, C., Nelson, F. E. 2011.
  • Soil moisture monitoring and modeling in the Great Plains. In, Automated Weather Stations for Applications in Agriculture and Water Resources Management: Current Use and Future Perspectives, (Ed.) Hubbard, K. G. and Sivakumar, M. V. K. Lincoln, NE: High Plains Climate Center and Geneva, Switzerland : World Meteorological Organization. pp. 163-171.
    Mahmood, R., Hubbard, K. G., and Hou, Q. 2001.
  • A synoptic perspective of the record 1-2 May 2010 Mid-south rain and flood event. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93: 611-620.
    Durkee, J., Campbell, L.*, Berry, K.*, Jordan, D.*, Goodrich, G., Mahmood, R., and Foster, S. 2012.
  • Effect of heat fluxes on ammonia emission from swine waste lagoon based on neural network analyses. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7:16-29. DOI: 10.3923/jest.2013.
    Lovanh, N., Quintanar, A. I., Rysz, M., Loughrin, J., Mahmood, R. 2014.
  • Energy flux comparisons in the surface layer of a waste lagoon during warm and cool season clear skies. Meteorological Applications (accepted)
    Quintanar, A. I., Rodgers, W.**, Mahmood, R., Loughrin, J. H., and Lovanh, N. 2011.
  • Equilibrium sampling used to monitor malodors in a swine waste lagoon. Journal of Environmental Quality, doi:10.2134/jeq2006.0534 (37: 1-6)
    Loughrin, J. H., Lovanh, N., and Mahmood, R. 2008.
  • Estimating greenhouse gas emission from a waste lagoon. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 29: 511-519. (doi: 10.13031/aea.29.10013)
    Quintanar, A. I., Mahmood, R., Lovanh, N., Rawley, J.*, E. Becerra-Acosta and Loughrin, J. 2013.
  • Heat flux measurements and modeling of malodorous compounds above an anaerobic swine lagoon. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 27: 463-471, DOI: 10.1007/s11270-010-0601-z.
    Loughrin, J.H., Quintanar, A.I., N. Lovanh, Mahmood, R. 2011.
  • Sampling of malodorous compounds in air using stir bar sorbtive extraction. Transaction of the ASABE 51:1747-1752.
    Loughrin, J. H., Lovanh, N., Quintanar, A., and Mahmood, R. 2008.
  • Seasonal Variation in heat fluxes, predicted emissions of malodorants, and wastewater quality of an anaerobic swine waste lagoon. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, DOI 10.1007/s11270-012-1134-4.
    Loughrin, J. H, Quintanar, A. I., Cook, K. L., Lovanh, N. C., Mahmood, R., Becerra-Acosta, E. 2012.
  • Simulation of boundary layer trajectory dispersion sensitivity to soil moisture conditions: MM5 and Noah-based investigation. Atmospheric Environment 43: 3774-3785.
    Quintanar, A. I., Mahmood, R., Motley, M. V.*, Yan, J., Loughrin, J., Lovanh, N. 2009.
  • A system for estimating Bowen Ratio and evaporation from waste lagoons. ASABE, Applied Engineering in Agriculture 25: 923-932.
    Quintanar, A. I., Mahmood, R., Loughrin, J. H., Lovanh, N., Motley*, M. V. 2009.
  • Air temperature variations and rice productivity in Bangladesh: a comparative study of the performance of the YIELD and the CERES-Rice models. Ecological Modelling, 106: 201-212.
    Mahmood, R. 1998.
  • In The Corn and Climate Report: A Practical Guide to Help Midwestern Farmers Understand and Respond to a Changing Climate. Eds. Jordan, B., Kluck, D., Mock, D., Schulz, P., Takle, G., and Wash, S. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. pp. 18-19. (Online)
    Mahmood, R. 2008. The Kentucky Mesonet: Background and future applications.
  • Drought and corn in Kentucky. Applied Geography 45: 353-362.
    Craft, K**, Mahmood, R., King, S. A., Goodrich, G., and Yan, J. 2013.
  • Droughts of the Twentieth and early Twentieth Centuries:Influences on the production of beef and forage in Kentucky, USA. Science of the Total Environment 577:122-135.
    Craft, K** , Mahmood, R., King, S. A., Goodrich, G., and Yan, J. 2017.
  • Impacts of Air Temperature Variations on the Boro Rice Phenology in Bangladesh: Implications for Irrigation Requirements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 84:233-247.
    Mahmood, R. 1997.
  • Imperfect forecasts and decision making in agriculture. Agricultural Systems 146: 103-110.
    Kusunose, Y. and Mahmood, R. 2016.
  • A model-based assessment of impacts of climate change on the boro rice yield in Bangladesh. Physical Geography, 16:463-86.
    Mahmood, R. and Hayes, J. T. 1995.
  • The role of soil water availability in potential rainfed rice productivity in Bangladesh: Applications of the CERES-Rice model. Applied Geography, 24: 139-159.
    Mahmood, R., Legates, D. R., Meo, M. 2004.
  • Thermal climate variations and potential modifications in cropping pattern in Bangladesh. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 61:231-243.
    Mahmood, R. 1998.
  • Twentieth century droughts and agriculture: Examples from impacts on soybean production in Kentucky, USA. Ambio 44: 557-568. DOI 10.1007/s13280-014-0598-4
    Craft, K**, Mahmood, R., King, S. A., Goodrich, G., and Yan, J. 2015.