The year 1865 began with cold winter weather. At Pine Grove in Clark County, thirteen days in January never got above freezing and it snowed or rained on seventeen days. When the roads were not frozen they had deep mud - not able to hold a horse up, according to the Pine Grove observer. The wet weather continued through the spring but grass was growing, livestock were looking good, two new National Banks had opened in Lexington in Fayette County, and a great number of companies had been charted by the state to explore for petroleum. March saw heavy rains and flooding of the Kentucky River. The rains continued in April. The good news was that the drought was over. The better news was that the Civil War was over also - on April 9th with the surrender of General Lee's Army at Appomattox.